Organ. Behavior and Leadership in Parks, Recreation Tourism & Sport

Organizational Behavior and Leadership


PRT 506: Organizational Behavior and Leadership in Parks, Recreation Tourism & Sport– Jason Bocarro, PhD

Course Description:
This course will focus on the organization and administration of public, private and not-for-profit sport, park, tourism and recreation (SPTR) agencies. The primary unit of analysis in this class is the SPTR organisation and the environment in which it operates. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the structural, human, political, and cultural factors that impact organizational efficiency and effectiveness – specifically focusing on these environments.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Exhibit an understanding of the environment in which sport, park, tourism and recreation (SPTR) organizations operate.
  2. Identify and describe key principles related to effective administrative practice, such as planning, resource acquisition, positioning, and personnel & volunteer leadership.
  3. Demonstrate knowledge and application of relevant theory, research, and practice related to key aspects of organizational behavior in SPTR organizations.
  4. Recognize organizational behavior challenges and demonstrate intervention techniques used for recruiting and managing staff and employees.
  5. Demonstrate the ability to evaluate critical factors contributing to organizational leadership in SPTR organizations.

Reflections and Summary of my work toward developing these competencies:

Before this class I was not a huge fan of discussion boards because they often degenerate into multiple conversations some times related, some times not, with many people saying the same things in different ways. PRT 506  had six discussion forums and I found them to be interesting , entertaining, and most importantly informative. The forums addressed a majority of the learning objectives  and included information that was helpful in writing my final paper.  The Bolman and Deal book became my go to resource for dealing with issues related to organizational behavior and leadership. The Discussion Boards forced the class to process and implement elements of the  the learning objectives by answering  questions such as,” Are the perspectives of the various organization-environment theories outlined in Bolman & Deal useful in shaping organizational planning and decision-making efforts?”(DB 2) , “ How would you describe the culture of your organization?”(DB 5), and,”Why is there often a disconnect between the planning process which people in leadership seem to buy into (Bolman & Deal, 2013) and implementing/executing the plan?”. I found the Final Paper Abstract assignment  in week two extremely helpful in starting the thought process for my final paper. Identifying one to two organizational problems to focus on helped me think of this final paper in the context of the learning objectives we covered over the course of the semester.   For my final paper I did an organizational analysis of The Town of Cary Parks and Recreation Department. This paper showed my understanding of the environment of Cary Parks and Recreation, I discussed issues related to planning, resource acquisition, and positioning. I addressed the challenges and provided intervention techniques which could contribute to the sustainability of growth of Cary Parks and Recreation. Much of the class was centered around the four frames approach which include the structural, human resources, political, and symbolic frames. I am not currently employed at a SPTR organization, so I adopted Cary Parks and Recreation and had the chance to communicate on numerous occasions with Director Doug McRainey, and Special Services Supervisor Sonya Snyder.


Grade 9.25 / 10.00
Graded on Sunday, August 30, 2015, 10:34 AM
Graded by Picture of Jason BocarroJason Bocarro
Feedback comments

View summaryAmeer, I think the issues you outlined are feasible and this will make a potentially interesting and useful paper.  I also think Cary P&R with the growth of the community will make an interesting case study. Make sure to incorporate the readings and class discussions to frame some of your analysis. Specifically, think about analyzing the issue (or 2) that you choose through the 4 frames perspective and/or analysis from the readings/lectures from class.  Given some of the challenges Cary P&R seem to face, that seems very possible – e.g., is it structural issues that have resulted in issues described above, Human resources, the political environment, or even symbolic/organizational culture issues.  I’m looking forward to reading this paper.